Duluth & Iron Range (1881-1901)

  • Duluth & Iron Range formed in 1881 by Charlemagne Tower, Sr. to haul iron ore from his Minnesota Iron Co. in Soudan to the new port of Two Harbors.
  • First ore shipped to Two Harbors on July 31, 1884
  • D&IR falls under control of Illinois Steel in 1887.
  • 21-mile line from Tower to Ely built in 1889 to serve Illinois Steel's Chandler Mine.
  • In 1890, line buiilt from Allen Junction to McKinley, near Biwabik on the Mesabi Range.
  • D&IR annual shipments exceed a million tons in 1892.
  • All five timber ore docks at Two Harbors completed by 1895.
  • Track extended to Virginia, Eveleth, Fayal and Winton during 1893-95. The Two Harbors-Waldo line rebuilt to an easier grade in 1898.
  • D&IR owner Illinois Steel (Federal Steel) is swept into the new United States Steel Corp. (USS) in 1901, put together by J. Pierpont Morgan and managed by Judge Elbert Gary.